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The Pomeranian is named after Pomerania, a region around Germany and Poland in which it was first developed. Originally however, the breed was quite large but once it arrived in England it was bred down in size to the dog we know today. At first, when the breed was larger, it was used to herd sheep. However, as the breed got smaller it became more renowned for performing tricks, with many Pomeranianís performing in circuses. Having been owned by many royals once it arrived in England, the breed was eventually recognized by the AKC in 1888.
While at first they were a large breed, the Pomeranian is certainly much smaller now with the height averaging between seven to twelve inches, while the weight can also vary greatly between three and seven pounds. One of the first things that can be noticed about the breed is its coat, which is thick, bushy and double coated. There are a variety of colors that can make up the coat, with white, cream, red, brown black and tan all being possibilities. The coat is also much longer around the head and chest which makes the breed look somewhat out of proportion. Other features which may bring attention are the breedís small, pointy ears, while the tail folds directly over the back.
The Pomeranian can only be described as a lively dog that possesses characteristics that make it an extremely lovable breed. Playful, intelligent, affectionate, loyal, active Ė these are just a handful of attributes that the Pomeranian has. Despite this, many breeders do not recommend them for children as there is a chance that the breed can run out of control under their supervision. In terms of other animals, as long as they are brought up together from a young age, there should not be any problems. Due to their alert nature, some owners also use the Pomeranian as a watch dog although they have to be trained from a young age if they are to adapt to this role. One minor issue that potential owners may want to be aware about is their tendency to be selective in what they eat. However, this is a tiny matter and in general, the Pomeranian will suit many different households.
Unfortunately, the Pomeranian is susceptible to numerous health problems. These include eye infections, heart issues, skin irritations and knee problems. Another issue that potential owners should be aware about is their tooth problems, and it is definitely worth consulting a veterinarian for an appropriate diet for this breed as their teeth decay very easily. Something else to consider is that while the breedís active nature will cover a lot of their exercise needs, they also require a daily walk. Despite the many health issues, the Pomeranian has a very good life expectancy with many living in excess of fifteen years.
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