Urinary Infections In Cats
Some may find it strange to hear that many cats and dogs suffer very similar health problems to humans. Unfortunately, they prove just as uncomfortable and for obvious reasons, it can take a lot longer for the problem to be diagnosed. This particular problem weíre looking at can be especially painful and for that reason, itís important for cat owners to at least have some knowledge on urinary infections in their pet.
A common misconception is that urinary infections affect both the bladder and the kidneys but the fact is that just the former suffers. However, in general it would be fair to say that veterinarians know very little about urinary infections and at the moment there is no evidence to suggest definite causes for the problem. It has been suggested that a lack of water and a poor diet can contribute, but there are no solid results as of yet. Some other useful information is that if a veterinarian treats this problem they are probably going to call the problem a Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), as this is the scientific name for the issue.
Now the technicalities have been covered, the symptoms of the problem will be discussed. The symptoms are actually quite similar to what a human would have with the first being obvious pain while the cat is urinating. Most owners will be able to tell when their cat is experiencing this emotion and if not, they should at least be able to tell if their cat is taking longer than normal to urinate. This is perhaps the most common and obvious symptom associated with FLUTD. Another symptom is the smell of the urine, which is often extremely strong and unpleasant if the cat is suffering. The cat may also struggle to control their bladder, while traces of blood may also be evident in the urine. If the latter does occur, there is a high chance that the infection is quite severe and the cat must be taken to the veterinarian immediately.
It is highly recommended to visit the vet clinic regardless of the severity of the problem, as a veterinarian is the only person who can make a full diagnosis of the problem. This may be done via means such as an x-ray, which will determine whether or not there are bladder stones present. Another method of diagnosis is a blood sample although this is only likely to be used as an alternative to an x-ray, rather than as well as.
If the diagnosis shows that the infection is only minor, the most likely course of treatment will be antibiotics. For more severe cases on the other hand, a catheter may be fitted to cleanse the inside of the cat while for the worst of situations, surgery may even be considered.
Unfortunately, once a cat has suffered from one urinary infection they are highly likely to suffer from another. For this reason, owners should look to take as many preventative measures as possible. Fresh water should be provided at all times, while a veterinarian should be consulted regarding the catís diet as this can also be a common cause. In general however, a urinary problem for cats is not too serious and as long as it is dealt with promptly, there should be no serious complications.
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